HIV Risk

What should you look for when identifying a potential PrEP medication candidate?

HIV risk factors can be behavioral, biological, or epidemiologic, and may include

STI history icon.
Past or current STIs1-3
  • In a real-world study from 2005 to 2011 (n=214), 51% of people newly diagnosed with HIV had an STI history that included chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis
  • Behaviors that can result in an STI can also increase the risk of HIV, and these may include sex without a condom, with partners of unknown status, or while under the influence of drugs or alcohol
Person with a checkmark icon.
Self-identified HIV risk3,4
  • One survey of primary care physicians found that the majority of PrEP-medication–related discussions were initiated by the individual under their care
  • According to CDC guidelines, those who request PrEP medication should be offered it after attempting to assess their sexual and injection history, even if no specific risk factors are observed
Icon for condomless sex.
Condomless sex5
  • 61% of MSM and TGW (n=3288) in the DISCOVER Trial reported condomless sex in the previous 12 weeks at baseline
Question mark icon.
Sexual partners of unknown HIV-1 viremic status6,7
  • In one survey published in 2009 (n=3652), 68% of HIV transmissions stemmed from an individual’s main partner
  • Approximately 1 in 7 people living with HIV are unaware of their serostatus
Social network icon with 3 people.
Sexual activity in a high-prevalence area or social network8,9
  • Chances for HIV acquisition can increase simply by being sexually active in regions, neighborhoods, or even social networks with higher HIV prevalence

High HIV prevalence can mean increased risk of acquiring HIV8,9

Talk to appropriate, sexually active individuals in high-prevalence areas about DESCOVY FOR PrEP®

Lifetime risk of HIV diagnosis by state9,a

Select a filter below to view statistics.
U.S. map of states at the highest risk of HIV highlighted in magenta. U.S. map of states at the highest risk of HIV highlighted in magenta. U.S. map of states at high risk of HIV highlighted in dark blue. U.S. map of states at high risk of HIV highlighted in dark blue. U.S. map of states at low risk of HIV highlighted in teal. U.S. map of states at low risk of HIV highlighted in teal. U.S. map of states at lowest risk of HIV highlighted in light teal. U.S. map of states at lowest risk of HIV highlighted in light teal. Color-coded U.S. map showing midwest states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing midwest states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing northeast states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing northeast states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing southeast states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing southeast states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing southwest states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing southwest states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing western states at risk of HIV. Color-coded U.S. map showing western states at risk of HIV.
STATE RISK
STATE RISK

Individuals in all neighborhoods and communities can be at risk for HIV.8


a Risk data calculated using national records, 2017 to 2019.

b Estimated chance of an individual being diagnosed with HIV during their lifetime.

CDC=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; MSM=men who have sex with men; STI=sexually transmitted infection; TGW=transgender women (who have sex with men).